Choose a Topic
To get yourself started, you need a strong motivation. Find yourself a topic that you feel interested in. In case you are not into it, it will clearly show in your writing. So, choose a topic that is controversial yet has two clear stances that you can find some evidence for.
- Do aliens exist?
- Should the government reduce the immigration levels of the country?
- Should argumentative essays be given as homework?
The possibilities are limitless. However, it is of immense importance that you do not have a biased opinion about the topic. Otherwise, your argument will be weak and you will lose your point. Remember, it is an argumentative essay, not a persuasive one.
Find Points in Support and Against the Topic
For this type of essay, you have to form an argument in favor of the topic and come up with points against your point. For example, for every point in support, think what the opposition party will say and jot it down. Be mindful to be realistic.
In case of the topic ‘Do aliens exist?’ one may argue like:
In the vastness of the universe, it is not impossible for another life form to exist on another planet. On the other hand, so far, there has been no discovery of such extraterrestrial existence.
Collect Facts and Figures to Support Arguments
For every statement you make, you have to back it up with facts, figures, true stories and/or anecdotes. Without proper resources and citation, your claim is just that; a baseless claim.
Facts for: NASA has confirmed the sightings of UFOs and such appearance have not gone unnoticed by people around the globe.
Facts against: Had it been so, there must have been some contact with the humans already.
Make an Outline
Use a motivator to start the topic. Keeping in mind the audience or readers of your essay, come up with an attention grabber. The first line is enough to make the reader go through your entire essay.
- Thesis Statement
State your topic which is usually a question.
Sometimes, the audience might be unaware of the dire need why the topic you are discussing is important. It is up to you to evaluate the audience understanding level and brief them in the introductory paragraph.
- Your point of view
Articulate your point of view in a topic statement that gives the reader what your argument is. Then back it up with your research.
- Opposition’s point of view
Keep in mind and consider the opposition’s view. Do point out facts and figures that can rationalize their concerns into your favor.
Reasonably restate the thesis statement and propose a valid point against the opposition to handle their concerns while promoting your own. With this, summarize your point and wrap it up.
Although there has not been any contact from the aliens, there might be a possibility that they are not as technologically advanced to do so. Hence, the possibility of aliens’ existence cannot be out of the question. Using logical inference, if a single possibility exists, we cannot say they do not exist. Therefore, NASA should continue its search for other existences in our universe.
Some Dos and Don’ts
- No matter what, do not write emotionally. It impacts negatively on your argument.
- Be as rational and formal as you can.
- Use trustworthy resources for your research.
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