When writing an essay, you may come across situations where you may find the need to cite different sources. A citation may help to strengthen your point of view or may provide an expert’s advice on the topic of discussion. Citation of respectable sources increases the credibility of your essay and also establishes your authority on the topic.
With that said, how can I writer quote a suggested source in their essay? Well, the process is seamless, but you must take care of a few things to avoid plagiarism. Moreover, the way you quote a source in an essay differs for different disciplines. For example, a citation in an English essay may be of different form when compared to a citation in a sociology paper.
Quoting from a source may sound intimidating, but if you simply follow these instructions, you will have no problem.
Quoting is copying of the exact words from a text and incorporating them in your paper. Quoting is done when the idea discussed by the original author is communicated in the most thorough manner. If you wish to take an idea from a suggested source, you can paraphrase that content instead of quoting the text.
How many times should you quote?
If you paraphrase the text from the suggested source, it is often good enough. However, if you need to quote texts from a source, then for each line of quotation, you should have around two lines providing some sort of analysis of the quotation.
How to include quotations in your essay?
1. Three ways to do it
- Write the name of the author and then include the quotation.
For Example: John Doe, author of ‘The Book’, said in his book “insert quotation”.
- Add the quotation into your paragraph.
For Example: Duke University organized a conference on Asian Studies where Sheldon Geron put forward his essay in which he analyzed the labor unions, link to state, and small businesses in Japan from the 1950s to 1980s.
- Provide the source or the study.
For Example: You can completely copy down the source or the research and add it into your text with proper citation.
2. Shorten the quote
Instead of providing the whole quotation, you can minimize the length of the quotation by removing some sentences and keeping the sentences that are relevant to your essay.
If you have used a quote from a suggested a source or have used an idea that you may have paraphrased, it is important to cite it. If you do not cite the writing piece, it is called plagiarism. Plagiarism has strict repercussions in most cases, and it should be avoided at all costs.
4. Paraphrasing the words of the original author
When paraphrasing the words from a source, it is necessary to keep in mind that when you paraphrase the text, the original meaning is not changed. If that is done, then when you cite the work, it means that you are citing something that does not exist. This is a type of plagiarism as well.
5. Quotation marks
When writing and including quotes from other sources, be sure to include quotation marks. Moreover, if you have a quotation within a quotation, be sure to use single quotation marks to exhibit the difference. For example, “His behavior was ‘eccentric’.”
6. Long quotations
If the quote that you wish to add is too long and you need to include it entirely, then there are certain rules that you need to keep in mind. The citation of the quote will depend on the academic style you have adopted to write your paper. So, before you add a long quote, refer to the rules of your academic style.